Ella's Sports Blog : Other Sports

Other Sports

Football

The first game ever played was on November 6, 1869, between two college teams, Princeton vs Rutgers.  American Football is the most popular sports in the united states. Professional football and college football are the most popular forms of the game. As of 2012 nearly 1.1 million high school athletes and 70,000 college athletes play football in the united states. The super bowl is the most watched club sporting events in the world and the league has an annual income of US $10 billion.


Football is known as American football in the United States and Canada but known as gridiron everywhere else. Football is a sport played by two teams of eleven players on a rectangular field with goal post at each end. The objective of the game is for your team to get the ball and run down to the opponent's end zone for a touch down and then you kick to ball through the opposing goal post for a field goal. You can either run to whole way or pass. The other team that doesn't have the ball tries to stop you grabbing you and pulling you down or jumping on top of you.  Once a team scores they will get 6 points. Then if they make the field goal they get an extra point with a total of 7 points.



Basketball

In early December 1891 Dr. James Naismith created basketball. Basketball was originally played with a soccer ball. the in the late 1950s Tony Hinkle was searching for a ball that would be more visible to the players. He came up with a orange ball that we use today. Dribbling the ball wasn't put into the games until around the 1950s. The peach baskets were used until 1906 when they were  replaced by metal hoops with back bored. The first game was played in the YMCA gymnasium in Albany, New York on January 20, 1892 with nine players.


Basketball grew from just being a fun sport in the gym. By 1895 it was established at several women's high schools. In 1901 colleges like University of Chicago, Columbia University, Dartmouth College and Yale University began sponsoring mens games. The First Canadian Interuniversity basketball game was played at the YMCA in Kingston, Ontario on February 6, 1904. The First men's national championship tournament, the National Association of Intercollegiate Basketball tournament was organized in 1937 and the first national championship for NCAA teams was in New York in 1938. High school basketball became the ideal interscholastic sport dues to its modest equipment in the 20th century. In professional basketball teams abounded throughout the 1920s and the FIBA (International Basketball Federation) was formed in 1932. after that women's basketball started in 1892 at Smith College



Basketball is a sport played by two teams of 5 players on a rectangular court. the object of the game is to shoot a ball through a hoop mounted to a backboard at each end.  The ball can be taken down the court by dribbling it when you walk, run or throw to teammate.

A team can score points by shooting the ball through the basket. Different spots have different points. If the player shoots from the three point line, it three points.  If they shoot from in front of the line is two points. A team can also score a free throw which are one point. A free throw happens when a team gets a foul. The team with the most points at the end wins. It's a violation to lift or drag one's feet without dribbling the ball, carrying or to hold the ball with two hands and then resume dribbling.


Baseball

In 1839 Abner Doubleday invented baseball in Cooperstown, New York. Then in 1845 Alexander Joy Cartwright develops the rules of baseball. In 1846 the first game of baseball is played between the Knickerbockers and a group of cricket players. 20 years later the first women's team is started from Vassar College. Have you ever wondered who threw the first curveball? It was Candy Cummings in 1867. Later in 1876 the national league is established with William Hulbert as president. 1884 Moses Fleetwood Walker is the first african-american player in the Major Leagues.


Baseball is a games played between two teams with nine players who take turns batting and fielding. The offence attempts to score runs by hitting a ball that is thrown by the pitcher. there is a batter who tries to hit the ball the pitcher threw them. If they hit it they run counter-clockwise around a series of four base. First base, second base, third base, and then home. A run is scored when the player gets all around the bases and back to home plate. The teams switch between batting and fielding whenever the fielding team records three outs. Baseball is the only american team sport with no game clock but almost all games end in the ninth inning.